Disaster Preparedness: The Essentials Of Emergency Supplies


Whether it’s earthquake, flood, tornado, hurricane, or brush fire, we’re all encouraged to be prepared. And what better way to ensure your family’s wellbeing than to have the emergency supplies you need always at hand? When people feel prepared, they cope with emergencies better. So make it a family project to assemble what you need.

Before disaster strikes
Although you can’t always know in advance when a particular disaster will strike, seasonal or regional patterns can often tell you what to expect. Be sure to have on hand the supplies your family will need.

Water: You should store at least one gallon of water per person per day, for a minimum of three days. A normally active person needs at least one-half gallon of water daily just for drinking. Other needs include washing, cooking and sanitation. Children, nursing mothers, and those who are ill need more water. High temperatures can double the amount of water needed.

To be prepared with the safest emergency supply, it is recommended you purchase commercially bottled water. Keep bottled water in its original container and don’t open it until you need it. Store the containers in a cool, dark place, and rotate them every six months.

Food: Include a three-day supply of non-perishable food per person, avoiding items that will make you thirsty. Choose salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content. Stock canned foods, dry mixes, and other staples that don’t require refrigeration, cooking, water, or special preparation.

Individuals with special diets and allergies will need particular attention, as will babies, toddlers and elderly people. Nursing mothers may need liquid formula, in case they are unable to nurse. Canned dietetic foods, juices and soups may be helpful for ill or elderly people.

Other Emergency Supplies: Include these items in your emergency kit.

•Emergency Radio
•Emergency Sanitation Supplies
•Kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener
•Shovel and other useful tools
•Emergency Lighting
•Household liquid bleach to treat drinking water
•Money and matches in a waterproof container
•Fire extinguisher
•Gas and Water Shut off Tools
•First aid kit and manual
•Photocopies of credit and identification cards
•Special needs items, such as eye glasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries
•Items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and pacifiers
•Other items to meet your unique family needs

Clothing: If you live in a cold climate, you must think about warmth since you may be without heat for a time. Be sure to include one complete change of clothing and shoes per person, including:

•Jacket or coat
•Long pants
•Long sleeve shirt
•Sturdy shoes
•Hat, mittens, and scarf
•Sleeping bag or warm blanket

Storage: Just as important as putting your supplies together is maintaining them so they are safe to use when needed. Here are some tips to keep your supplies ready and in good condition:

•Keep canned foods in a cool dry place.
•Store boxed food in tightly closed plastic or metal containers to protect from pests and to extend shelf life.
•Throw out any canned good that becomes swollen, dented, or corroded.
•Change stored food and water supplies every six months. Be sure to write the storage date on all containers.
•Re-think your needs every year and update your kit as your family needs change.
•Keep items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry containers, such as an unused trashcan, camping backpack, or duffel bag.

Ensure you are ready for future events by restocking your emergency supply kits now. Then, if things go wrong, you’ll be prepared.

3 Easy Tips for Successful Container Gardening

Here are three easy things to do to guarantee a successful container garden – no matter the plants you’re growing.

Here are several tips for creating a wonderful hanging basket or container this summer.  The first is to use an artificial soil composed mostly of peat moss.  Good soils such as Fafard or Pro-Mix use perlite, peat, and other ingredients to produce a soil that will not compact over the summer.  Real garden soil compacts and turns into concrete under the pressure of regular watering.  And when it does, plant roots stop growing because they require good open spaces to move into and absorb nutrients.  Hard, compacted soils do not grow good plants so do not use real soil in your containers.  I re-use my artificial potting soil from year to year.  I dump it out of the pot. Chew it up with a shovel to cut up all last year’s roots and add approximately 10 % by volume of compost. The compost increases air spaces and gives plants a boost in healthy nutrition.

Feed your plants weekly.  Nitrogen, the engine of plant growth, is water soluble and as you water your containers from the top the dissolved nitrogen is leaving from the bottom.   I use a fish-emulsion liquid feed with seaweed to provide all the trace nutrients my plants require and recommend it highly.  You can use any liquid plant food (like Miracle Grow or Shultz) to promote growth.  Compost tea is the Cadillac of liquid plant food and if you make your own compost tea, your plants will respond with bigger and better blooms as well as increased vigour. 

And finally, no matter the size of the container, it is important to soak it all the way to the bottom at each watering.  Continue watering until water emerges from the pot bottom.  This ensures the roots can reach all parts of the container and grow properly.

Probable Diseases Brought by Tick Bites

A tick is a parasitic organism that sucks blood from the host. Its hosts may include humans and some animals. It can create swelling to the skin similar to the mosquitoes when it sucks blood. A horde of ticks can be mostly found in newly-moved grass. Physical contact of the host to the ticks is the normal form of transmission.

Ticks are ranked second to mosquitoes for being blood-sucking vectors of infectious diseases. Lyme disease is the usual ailment that can be experienced by the hosts from tick bites.

Tick bites can be irritating and can be even be skin-damaging. It could create more swelling than mosquito bites. Lyme disease is an infectious disease that can be gotten from tick bites. This disease can be had when a tick which is infected with a bacterium called Borrelia burgdoferi is transmitted to the bloodstream when a tick bites and sucks blood to a host. A specific genus of ticks probably carries the bacterium.

Lyme disease could bring symptoms to the infected hosts. Persons infected with the disease might experience flu-like illness, arthritis, neuropathies, fatigue, muscular aches and headaches. Treatment of this disease could be made with the help of specialists such dermatologists or neurologists.

Other diseases caused by tick bites may include but not limited to Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, human monocytic erhlichiosis, Colorado tick fever, tularemia and Babeiosis.

These diseases may bring fever, muscle weakness, joint pain, and fatigue and muscle pain to infected individuals. They may also result to other skin reactions such as pus-filled bumps and nodules. Tularemia could cause death to infected individuals if not treated immediately with proper antibiotics.

Tick bites could cause serious diseases. Though tiny, ticks can put a large animal down. To prevent these diseases to occur in humans, proper precautions should be observed. One can get rid of the ticks when the feel of being bitten is instantly felt in a skin area. Ticks can hold on the skin tightly than other parasites. One may use tweezers to remove the tick and put it in a container for observation.

Ticks and tick bites can be prevented by applying population control. Damminix is perhaps the popular method to get rid off the ticks. Fipronil can also be used as an alternative. This method is applied in the Maxforce Tick Management System. Guineafowl is regarded to be natural from for regulating the population of ticks. It can consume vast quantities of ticks.

Tick bites can be harmful aside from being irritating. It would be helpful to stay away from sites that are prone to tick infestation such as long grasses.

The Importance of Water Storage

Water is one of the basic needs of man and among the most important elements of life. It is essential for numerous reasons. It is needed for hydration in order to survive. People have to drink water regularly in order to replenish the loss of liquid in the body and to quench the thirst.

Water is vital to a human body. Purified water is needed for optimum health. It is also used for other important activities of man such as bathing, cleaning and cooking.

Water can come from rain, stream or through other sources. Water is brought in homes through water pipes from local water stations. Homes can store water by using a water storage tank. Some designs of water storage tank can be used to collect rain water.

A clean, sterilized bottle can be used for water storage. Containers made of thermoplastic have been invented for water storage. Since ancient times, people have invented containers from different materials for the purpose for storing water.

Water storage containers are important for survival in a wilderness adventure. A water storage container is one of the few important things that can be brought by survivalist campers. A bottle is perhaps the most popular portable form of water storage. It can be of different designs, materials and shapes. The Sigg bottle, a Swiss-made water storage container made from true aluminum is one of the popular bottles for outdoor activities. It has been considered by Backpacker Magazine as one of the toughest water bottles in the world.

The company that produces Sigg bottle was established in Biel, Switzerland by Ferdinand Sigg in 1908. It used to manufacture kitchenware and electrical appliances made from aluminum. However, in 1998, it concentrated on producing aluminum bottles. The Sigg Bottle is one of the most recognizable brands of aluminum bottles in Europe.

Though made from aluminum, Sigg bottles can come in many designs. Various online shops have offered Sigg bottles on their merchandise. You could find this product along with other outdoor equipment products. Nalgene bottles and bottles of different brands can also be found in the market.

An oasis is water storage in the desert. A well is a popular form of water storage where people can obtain water at no cost. Water tank is used to collect water in homes and in plants. Storing water can be very important in times of drought and scarcity of water supply. Water is needed for survival. Although the earth is filled with water, only a certain percentage is suitable for drinking.

Contents of a First Aid Kit


A first aid kit is a helpful and important item in homes and for outdoor adventures. It contains a set of medical supplies and other items for medical emergency. Homes should have a first aid kit. A homemade kit can contain various medical supplies obtained differently. Although pharmacies or stores offer first-aid kits, they may contain low-quality and lesser amount of items. These kits may contain items for treating minor injuries.

A home made kit can be customized. It could contain more than the required medical supplies. However, the amount of items that can be found in home made first aid kid may vary according to the preferences of homeowners and users.

A first aid kit can be optimized by users. It can be added with other useful items that can be used in treating wounds, bruises or injuries. Bandages and dressings are the common items that can be found in a first aid kit. Dressings should be sterile when they are used to protect wounds. Gauze roller bandages, adhesive bandages, triangular bandages and elastic bandages are types of items that can be applied to secure a dressing. Nevertheless, popular less-costly adhesive bandages with dressing such as Band-Aid could be integrated in a first aid kit.

Medications should also be included in a first aid kit. These medications may range from antibiotics or antiseptics to painkillers. Alcohol, povidone iodine, benzalkonium chloride and antibiotic ointment are antiseptic substances to be applied on wounds and cuts. Ointments and lotions used to relieve skin itchiness can also be put in a first aid kit. Painkillers and antihistamine drugs can be included in a kit to relieve various ailments. Medications to treat skin disorders and problems such as aloe vera gel, burn gel, and petroleum jelly can also be stored in a kit.

Some items can be added in a first aid kit if it is used in outdoor activities. One can add items that are used to treat snakebites and motion sickness in a kit. Activated charcoal and syrup of ipecac are medications that can be used to treat poisons. They can be used as directed by poison control center and can be included in the kit.

Instruments and medical equipment can also be integrated in a first aid kit. Splint, personal protective equipment such as gloves and CPR mask, space blanket, thermometer, BP instrument, hand sanitizer, tweezers, irrigation syringe, rubber suction bulb and trauma shears are items that can be put in a first aid kit.

A first aid kit can help a lot when it is brought with in an outdoor activity. It can be integrated in a survival kit.