Level 1 : Short Term
Level 2 : Medium Term
Level 3 : Long Term
|Duration||Short – maybe up to a week or two||Medium – perhaps up to a year||Longterm|
|Likelihood of Occuring||Varies regionally, but between likely and definite every 5 – 10 years||Take your best guess. A disruptive solar storm = 12% chance every 10 years. Other risks = you decide.||More likely than you’d wish for. What are the chances of Bird Flu evolving and a global pandemic wiping out a huge slice of the world’s population? Might Iran or N Korea detonate an EMP over the US? etc.|
|Return to Normalcy||Assured||Very likely||Not for a long time, maybe generations|
|Regional Scope||Probably local and limited||Extensive, possibly national||Definitely national, maybe continental, possibly impacting much/all the world|
|External Assistance||Yes, expected||Maybe some, but not much and such resource as there is will be massively over-extended and unable to cope||Probably none for extended periods of time|
|Survivability if Unprepared||Yes with some inconvenience and discomfort||Marginal to low||Very low|
|Social Disruption||Possibly some limited opportunistic rioting and looting, brought under control within a week or so||Major, probably new forms of small community government and policing programs will spring up to create pockets of order among much lawlessness||Complete. Organized gangs will dominate|
|Relocation||Can survive in your normal abode||Due to breakdown of city services, need to relocate||Essential|
|Food strategy||Not a constraint||You’ll survive by eating through your stockpiles of food in the hope by the time you’ve eaten it all, order will be restored||Your stockpiles of food will give you time to create your own ongoing food sources and to become self sufficient|
|Energy||Some candles, flashlights, warm blankets, open fires, and a generator||You’ll reduce your energy needs and rely on a generator and stockpiled fuel, perhaps using some in-place renewable energy sources too.||Stockpiled fuel will be used carefully as you transition to energy independence and renewable sources|
|Defense||Stay at home. Biggest threat will probably be rude/pushy neighbors. Hopefully no lethal threats or responses needed.||Moderately uncoordinated groups of starving people or opportunistic raiders, will probably be able to be repelled by presentation of weapons and maybe occasional skirmishes. They are looking for easy targets.||Organized groups will battle among themselves for regional supremacy, and will ‘fight to the finish’ to take over the assets and resources of others. Expect stolen military weapons as well as civilian rifles/shotguns/pistols to be used.|
|Transportation||Stay at home||Necessary to get to your retreat. Little need to travel outside your retreat boundaries.||Necessary to get to your retreat. Occasional travel to trade with other groups, roads degraded, few mechanized vehicles. Pushbikes and horse drawn carts become the norm. Travel is dangerous due to risks from marauders.|
|Communication||Hopefully some normal forms of comms remain operative – radio, tv, land line, cell phone, internet.||Traditional comms largely degraded or disrupted. Short-range two-way radios to keep in touch with other members of your group. Shortwave radio receiver for general news.||Traditional comms all gone. Long range two-way radio for comms within your group, and to interact with other groups and to understand the world situation and what the future may bring.|
|Group Size||Small. You can survive just fine, even if alone.||Medium. Your group/community will essentially be the people who share the retreat with you, providing social interaction, extra skills and additional manpower for some tasks.||Large. You need access to as broad a range of skills as possible, and in a nearby region due to dangers and difficulties of traveling.|
|Cost of Preparing||Low – less than $10,000; probably less than $1,000.||High – More than $100,000; potentially as much as $1 million (but possibly shared among a group of people).||Maximum : Everything you can afford and more besides. Definitely requires group participation to make high-cost items affordable.|
When Does Each Level Evolve to the Next Level
An emergency kit can contain essential items used in a particular occasion and for emergency purpose. Travelers normally bring an emergency kit that contains money, first-aid kit, flashlight and batteries, candles, waterproof matches, can opener, canned and packed food and potable water.
An emergency kit can also be prepared in homes by homeowners. It could contain the basic necessities, tools and equipment that can be used in times of emergency or calamity. An emergency kit can compose of a storage bag containing the basic entities. It may also contain first aid kit, essential equipment that can be used in calamities or during dark periods and communication devices. The size of the kit may vary depending on the number of items that can be stored.
An emergency kit is very important in times of calamities where people are confined in their houses for a few days or staying in an evacuation center. Individuals should prepare the emergency kit that can be used for a minimum of seven days. It should also be stored safely and securely. An emergency kit is significant for the survival of a person, a group of persons or a family in times of disasters.
An emergency kit is similar to a survival kit. Perhaps, the two are interchangeable terms although military operations prefer to call the items packed and stored for emergency uses as survival kits. Meanwhile, campers use the term bug-out bags for emergency kits or survival kits. Homeowners may prefer to name the collection of items for emergency uses as emergency kit.
An emergency kit can be customized according to the needs of the users. It may include more than just the basic necessities. However, the things that can be stored should be essential and usable.
To be prepared in times of disasters is a helpful attitude to have. Preparing the emergency kit is one of the helpful ways to overcome the challenges in a survival situation. Aside from the emergency kit, individuals may also have to make an emergency plan.
An emergency plan can be made for an individual or for the family. It helps a person or a family the proper things to do in case of an emergency. Making an emergency plan may just take less than an hour. The plan may include health information, contact persons and numbers, and list of risks in the region. What is integrated in the plan may differ depending on the person making it. The plan can be best posted on the wall. It could also be placed in an emergency note.
Survival is one of the basic concerns of men. People have to survive different challenges in order to live. The advancement of civilization can provide men the greater chance and opportunities to survive and improve standard of living. However, in a survival situation people
Have you been asked by these questions before? What’s inside your fridge right now? Is your dog food or cat food edible by humans? Do you have an emergency meeting place for your family? Who’s going to get your kids in school, in case, you did not make it? Do you even have dogs at home? Well, these questions could be some what intimidating, privacy intruding, and all the more, unusual for you to answer. But, if you are familiar with emergency planning, you will instantly know that the inquirer may be talking your family’s preparation for emergency situations.
Emergency planning unfortunately is one of the least focused aspects of family safety planning. Your family may have been through all sorts of safety activities such as engaging in seminars about family emergence response, you may have all the books of safety and emergency for homes, you could be installing the most high tech security and alarm system in your house, but if you don’t have an emergency plan when that dreaded day comes, it would all be of no use.
Fortunately, you never have to add worry lines on your face. You can actually do something to prepare your folks of worst case scenarios. Remember, that when you do emergency planning, you consider all the possible threats, calamities and disasters that may come. Home related emergencies may include the most common, electrical or fire accidents, physical accidents such as falling from the stairs, to gas leak explosion, earthquake, typhoons and even burglar.
Your first step in emergency planning is to make a list of contacts to emergency units like the police, 911, fire department, hospital, clinic and technicians, in case of electrical appliance accidents. Make sure that you provide speed dial numbers like 911. It is also best to put this list beside the telephone table or in a place where telephone conversion is commonly held. The purpose of this is for every member of the family to familiarize the numbers every time they pick up the phone.
Emergency exits must also be clearly laid out in case of home invasion. And don’t forget to orient every member of the family of a designed place where you will be meeting in case all members are not present during an emergency. It is also good to recognize a relative leaving nearby as destination of refuge.
Finally, always keep and bring with you a family photo or individual photos of your family members. This is helpful in times when a member is missing. Remember, that emergency planning is not just plain planning; it’s a preparation for emergency situations.